Thursday, April 12, 2007

Reasons for Kidney Stone Occurrence

Kidney Stone occurrence depends on edible consumed in Day-to-Day life. Mainly kidney stones are caused due to elements in Food and type of Water consumed. Also geographically the stone formation malady may vary for countries differently. Apart from Kidneys stones, the process of stone formation can take place in other organs like Gall-Bladder, Tonsils or Urinary Bladder.

Kidney Stones are found primarily in three forms: Phosphates, Calcium Oxalate and Urates. Type of Kidney stones can be determined by Type of hardness of stones. Urates are Hardest of all, Calcium Oxalates are also harder and Phosphates are soluble nature. Intensity, seriousness and damage depend on Type and Size of stone. Larger and Harder the stone causes greater damage to Kidneys. It is always recommended by doctors to drink around 25-30 glasses of water on daily basis to flush out kidneys and remain healthy.

Kidney stones can be caused due to less intake of fluids, consuming calcium based food products, higher intake of tomato, rice, Potato, etc and consuming Non-Vegetarian food like fish and meat and liquor. In most of cases it is found that kidney stones occurrences are hereditary as well.

Normally in such condition patient shows symptoms of Nausea and vomiting, pain can be felt in loins and testicles, pain may subside if passage of urine is free as the same indicates passage of stone through urinal. In some cases blood may pass as stone gets out of kidneys.

As corrective measures there is no specific medicine to dissolve stone, however medication can be suggested to lesser pain and restore normal urinary flow thereby reducing future possibility of major kidney problem. Also in case of bigger stones the same is recommended to be surgically recommended as the bigger stone has high potential to further damage kidneys.

Monday, March 5, 2007

What is Cystitis?

When there is infection in membrane of bladder the same results into condition known as Cystitis.

This could be caused due to abnormal growth of prostate gland, retention of urine, septic occurring due to improper usage of instruments or to say invasive instruments triggering infection in walls of bladder, E-coli bacteria can lead to this situation, urine passed through painful and burning sensation or pain in lower abdomen after passage of urine or blood passed into urine, ulcers present in bladder are some few reasons that may lead to infection in bladder.

As corrective measure normally antibiotics can be suggested to overcome such infections subject to results of urine tests. Patients may be advised to take fluid to enable free and proper flow of urine. The diet generally with liquid fluids and one that would not cause burning/irritation can be suggested.

Sunday, March 4, 2007

What is Nephroptosis ?

When there is mobility witnessed of kidneys, it is called as Nephroptosis. Such situation can be known by X-ray or else physical examination of patient can determine the same. This can be caused due to lifting heavy things, putting in very tight outfit, physical labor, and pressure on organs like Liver.

Patient shows symptoms of uneasiness in bladder, constipation, heavy lower abdomen. These are symptoms though not objective symptoms. In such cases doctors generally operate patient to proper wandering Kidneys. . In case of movable kidneys pad binders on abdomen are also tried and are successful in solving problems and providing almost complete relief to patients.

Generally the same situation is seen more in women. In case of women showing excessive mobility resulting into pain and improper flow of urine, doctors generally operates patient (Nephropexy). Proper binding and padding ensures normalcy. In case of thin ladies if such situation occurs they are generally advised by doctors to put on weight, consume fat and protein rich diet and improve on physical activity. In case of patient complaining of pain normally analgesics are advised by doctors to relive pain.

Thursday, March 1, 2007

Reasons for Pain in Kidney (Inflammation of Pelvis) and (Renal Colic)

Pelvis is the Kidney Part from which urine drains into ureter. By any means in case bacterial infection results into functioning of free flow of urine is called as Pyelitis. Normally, this obstruction can be partial or full part of Urine flow.

In such case patient shows High Temperature also may shiver and show resistance. There can be pain resulted in Loins. In such cases any antibiotic with its normal dosage days can be suggested to stop infection going further. Paracetamol or Antispasmodic can be suggested to relieve pain. Dosage is to be adhered to as per Medical Advice. During and after medication Urine examination has to be carried out. In case of any blockage or congestion it is advisable to take plenty of fluid to reduce burning, irritation and make urine basic/alkaline. In case of severe pain patient can be injected with pain killer medication.

Renal Colic:

There can be pain in Kidneys due to infections or presence of Stone in Kidney. This pain can result due to bloating of kidneys resultant of accumulation of urine. Also, movement of Kidney stones or process in which stone is about to leave Kidney can cause this pain.

This condition causes unbearable pain which can be felt in Urethra or Pelvis as well. Patient may have a feeling of urinal however actually urine may come in drops and not properly. The pain may further reach to thighs and be intermittent in nature. This pain can subside in case of restoration of normal functioning of urination.

In such condition Lasix can be suggested to restore normal flow of urine. Also to reduce pain Anti-spasmodic can be suggested. Externally, massage or Hot water treatment can be given on outer part of Kidney/abdomen. Water/fluid intake is increased and patient may be made to consume oral liquids like coconut water, aerated soda water or milk mixed with water with more amount of water and less milk.

Friday, February 23, 2007

What is Bed-Wetting?

Enuresis is termed as bed-wetting. This condition is common to bed-wetting of children at night and can be extended to teenagers and rarely seen in Old and Aged –Person in cases of loss of control of bladder activity. However, all cases of Bed-Wetting cannot be termed as Enuresis as the same act can occur due to fright, laugh, sneezing as well.

In few cases it was seen in Children wherein their Psychology was built due to some kind of Threat or Fright from people coming in their vicinity resulting into Bed-Wetting.

This is may be caused due to suppressing urinal for longer time, can be part of habit, not emptying bladder, consumption of more of liquid diet and avoiding at times calls of nature.

Measure:

The same condition can be managed by avoiding consuming liquid one-two hours prior going to bed, emptying bladder/urinal before going to bed, consuming hot (Not Liquid) before going to Bed.

Thursday, February 22, 2007

Sugar in Urine-Glycosuria


When high amount of Sugar is found present in Urine it is called Glycosuria. This kind of situation can be seen present during time of Pregnancy, Cholera, Nephritis (Malfunctioning of Kidney), Pancreatic diseases, Over straining, Diabetes Mellitus.

Patient may go for urine frequently. The quantity of urine may be quite high i.e. 50 ounces in a day or even more. Urine may be clear with pale color. Urine can be highly acidic. Also to note that just glucose presence cannot be termed as Glycosuria. However, all urine tests showing glucose presence can be termed as Glycosuria. Normally, body absorbs specific amount of glucose if high level of sugar is consumed then absorbing capacity by any means the same may lead to Kidneys excrete extra amount of sugar through urine.

As corrective measures it would be advisable to consume food low in carbohydrates. However, it is important to consult doctor as self medication can be risky. Food which contains carbohydrates, milk, sugar, jaggery, honey, etc are very useful for body functioning and should not be eliminated completely; however the same with reduced quantity can be consumed. It is always advised to consume food which is easy to digest and contains low sugar ingredients.

Wednesday, February 21, 2007

Know Albuminuria (Albumin in Urine) and Hematuria (Blood in Urine)

Albuminuria ( Albumin in Urine):

The condition in which albumin is present in urine is called as Albuminuria. Serum Albumin is protein soluble in water which is found in blood plasma. In case where Liver is unable to synthesize Albumin the same can lead to Chronic Liver disease called Cirrhosis of Liver.

This condition can be caused due to Acute Nephritis, Diabetes Mellitus, Nervous disorders, can also be caused due excess of blood in vessels supplying blood to body, syphilis, cystitis, etc. In case such conditions are lasting for longer period resulting to Blood pressure, Hypertension the diagnosis is grave. In such cases normally if it is acute case iron and Calcium Lactate is advised by doctors. Also, patient can be benefited by drinking plenty of water, liquid, lasix to cause free flow of urine. Also spicy, fatty, fried food should be avoided.

Hematuria (Blood in Urine):

The condition of blood in Urine is termed as Hematuria. The same may be caused due to Improper functioning of Kidney’s, Stone in Urinary Bladder, some infection, sudden weather climate changes or presence of some parasites, some injury or trauma are few reasons for the same.

This may result pain in Kidneys, Urine may show blood which could have come with or without pain, there can be burning sensation, and however the burning sensation is in rare case.

In such cases as it is advised to consume food devoid of meat, fats, fish, fried, alcohol, spicy food, fruits as well. It is suggested to take plenty of boiled and then cooled water, alkaline, soda water even coconut water is advised. Patient is advised to take Bed rest and preferably with legs raised avoiding strain on Urinary passage. In case Non-diabetic patients Sugarcane juice is recommended. Tea, coffee, cold drinks should be avoided.

In case after implementing these measures if there is no solution coming, patient should be rush to Doctor to stop problem going further.