Thursday, April 12, 2007

Reasons for Kidney Stone Occurrence

Kidney Stone occurrence depends on edible consumed in Day-to-Day life. Mainly kidney stones are caused due to elements in Food and type of Water consumed. Also geographically the stone formation malady may vary for countries differently. Apart from Kidneys stones, the process of stone formation can take place in other organs like Gall-Bladder, Tonsils or Urinary Bladder.

Kidney Stones are found primarily in three forms: Phosphates, Calcium Oxalate and Urates. Type of Kidney stones can be determined by Type of hardness of stones. Urates are Hardest of all, Calcium Oxalates are also harder and Phosphates are soluble nature. Intensity, seriousness and damage depend on Type and Size of stone. Larger and Harder the stone causes greater damage to Kidneys. It is always recommended by doctors to drink around 25-30 glasses of water on daily basis to flush out kidneys and remain healthy.

Kidney stones can be caused due to less intake of fluids, consuming calcium based food products, higher intake of tomato, rice, Potato, etc and consuming Non-Vegetarian food like fish and meat and liquor. In most of cases it is found that kidney stones occurrences are hereditary as well.

Normally in such condition patient shows symptoms of Nausea and vomiting, pain can be felt in loins and testicles, pain may subside if passage of urine is free as the same indicates passage of stone through urinal. In some cases blood may pass as stone gets out of kidneys.

As corrective measures there is no specific medicine to dissolve stone, however medication can be suggested to lesser pain and restore normal urinary flow thereby reducing future possibility of major kidney problem. Also in case of bigger stones the same is recommended to be surgically recommended as the bigger stone has high potential to further damage kidneys.

Sunday, March 4, 2007

What is Nephroptosis ?

When there is mobility witnessed of kidneys, it is called as Nephroptosis. Such situation can be known by X-ray or else physical examination of patient can determine the same. This can be caused due to lifting heavy things, putting in very tight outfit, physical labor, and pressure on organs like Liver.

Patient shows symptoms of uneasiness in bladder, constipation, heavy lower abdomen. These are symptoms though not objective symptoms. In such cases doctors generally operate patient to proper wandering Kidneys. . In case of movable kidneys pad binders on abdomen are also tried and are successful in solving problems and providing almost complete relief to patients.

Generally the same situation is seen more in women. In case of women showing excessive mobility resulting into pain and improper flow of urine, doctors generally operates patient (Nephropexy). Proper binding and padding ensures normalcy. In case of thin ladies if such situation occurs they are generally advised by doctors to put on weight, consume fat and protein rich diet and improve on physical activity. In case of patient complaining of pain normally analgesics are advised by doctors to relive pain.

Thursday, March 1, 2007

Reasons for Pain in Kidney (Inflammation of Pelvis) and (Renal Colic)

Pelvis is the Kidney Part from which urine drains into ureter. By any means in case bacterial infection results into functioning of free flow of urine is called as Pyelitis. Normally, this obstruction can be partial or full part of Urine flow.

In such case patient shows High Temperature also may shiver and show resistance. There can be pain resulted in Loins. In such cases any antibiotic with its normal dosage days can be suggested to stop infection going further. Paracetamol or Antispasmodic can be suggested to relieve pain. Dosage is to be adhered to as per Medical Advice. During and after medication Urine examination has to be carried out. In case of any blockage or congestion it is advisable to take plenty of fluid to reduce burning, irritation and make urine basic/alkaline. In case of severe pain patient can be injected with pain killer medication.

Renal Colic:

There can be pain in Kidneys due to infections or presence of Stone in Kidney. This pain can result due to bloating of kidneys resultant of accumulation of urine. Also, movement of Kidney stones or process in which stone is about to leave Kidney can cause this pain.

This condition causes unbearable pain which can be felt in Urethra or Pelvis as well. Patient may have a feeling of urinal however actually urine may come in drops and not properly. The pain may further reach to thighs and be intermittent in nature. This pain can subside in case of restoration of normal functioning of urination.

In such condition Lasix can be suggested to restore normal flow of urine. Also to reduce pain Anti-spasmodic can be suggested. Externally, massage or Hot water treatment can be given on outer part of Kidney/abdomen. Water/fluid intake is increased and patient may be made to consume oral liquids like coconut water, aerated soda water or milk mixed with water with more amount of water and less milk.

Friday, February 23, 2007

What is Bed-Wetting?

Enuresis is termed as bed-wetting. This condition is common to bed-wetting of children at night and can be extended to teenagers and rarely seen in Old and Aged –Person in cases of loss of control of bladder activity. However, all cases of Bed-Wetting cannot be termed as Enuresis as the same act can occur due to fright, laugh, sneezing as well.

In few cases it was seen in Children wherein their Psychology was built due to some kind of Threat or Fright from people coming in their vicinity resulting into Bed-Wetting.

This is may be caused due to suppressing urinal for longer time, can be part of habit, not emptying bladder, consumption of more of liquid diet and avoiding at times calls of nature.


The same condition can be managed by avoiding consuming liquid one-two hours prior going to bed, emptying bladder/urinal before going to bed, consuming hot (Not Liquid) before going to Bed.

Thursday, February 22, 2007

Sugar in Urine-Glycosuria

When high amount of Sugar is found present in Urine it is called Glycosuria. This kind of situation can be seen present during time of Pregnancy, Cholera, Nephritis (Malfunctioning of Kidney), Pancreatic diseases, Over straining, Diabetes Mellitus.

Patient may go for urine frequently. The quantity of urine may be quite high i.e. 50 ounces in a day or even more. Urine may be clear with pale color. Urine can be highly acidic. Also to note that just glucose presence cannot be termed as Glycosuria. However, all urine tests showing glucose presence can be termed as Glycosuria. Normally, body absorbs specific amount of glucose if high level of sugar is consumed then absorbing capacity by any means the same may lead to Kidneys excrete extra amount of sugar through urine.

As corrective measures it would be advisable to consume food low in carbohydrates. However, it is important to consult doctor as self medication can be risky. Food which contains carbohydrates, milk, sugar, jaggery, honey, etc are very useful for body functioning and should not be eliminated completely; however the same with reduced quantity can be consumed. It is always advised to consume food which is easy to digest and contains low sugar ingredients.

Tuesday, February 20, 2007

Understand Inflammation of Kidney (Nephritis)

This is one of the most serious kinds of Kidney disorder. Nephritis is inflammation of Kidney. This may be caused due to side effects of fevers like Typhoid, Malaria. Improper functioning of excretory organs can also result in this condition. Disorders resulting due to infections and toxins can be responsible for this condition. This can be caused due to Mercury, Drugs effecting Kidney functioning and poisonous food.

Normally patient shows signs of fever. Vomiting sensation or Nausea can be seen in patient. There is burning sensation during passage of urine, also patient witness pain at the time of urination. Patient may show convulsions, blood pressure may shoot up, there can be pain in back. Eventually, this all may lead patient to go in coma or even may result into death.

As corrective measures mainly the effect of the same should be analyzed. In case only one Kidney is affected the other kidney present can take care of overall functioning of Kidneys, however in case infection is spread in both Kidneys the chances of survival are very less. An effort should be made to stop infection reaching other kidney. Incase of convulsive pains can be controlled by Analgesics and Antispasmodic drugs. Even injection is given in case of acute pain. In such cases urinal should be restored and Lasix is given for same.

It is advisable to carry out Urine test for starting allopathic treatment. As this disorder is resulting due to inflammation, antibiotics controlling infections are recommended. Ordinary Nephritis can still be handled and controlled and is not much complex. However in case of acute Nephritis patient should be rushed to doctors to avoid serious condition and required Urine and Kidney function test should be conducted to understand the gravity of disorder. To retain normal flow of urine aerated water, plain water or coconut water, barely water can be consumed. However, looking at severity of problem patient should be taken to concerned doctor immediately.

Monday, February 19, 2007

Know – Kidneys and Urination Process

Kidneys are Organs in our body that is responsible to eliminate toxins from the blood. Kidneys are filter and do not allow any vital substance to escape from body while they are functioning properly and healthy. When there is Kidney disorder, these toxins get mixed with blood and vitiate our body. Kidneys are full of Blood vessels and retain essential constituents of blood that are important to maintain balance and functioning of body. Kidney also comprises of urineferous tubules which can take up urine from blood.

Urination Process:

The Filtered urine reaches Urinary Bladder through Ureters and comes into bladder slowly. Eventually, bladder gets filled in with urine which results into urgency to pass urine. Urethra (tube) takes Urine from bladder to exterior. In Males, Urethra is almost 20 cms and In Female is 3.5 cms.

There can be cases wherein there is urge to pass urine, however urine may not be passed or could come out in painful manner. This may be caused to following reasons:

  • Ureters may have got narrowed or lost its elasticity.
  • Kidney Functioning may not be proper. Either of the Kidneys may be diseased or not functioning.
  • Kidney’s might be unable to produce Urine and the same results into spread of Urea in system called Anurea.
  • Urine containing harmful elements.
  • Urinary Bladder unable to hold stored urine and mechanism of Bladder is incompetent.
  • Insufficient intake of water may also result into this kind of situation.
  • There is higher quantity of loss of fluid due to loose motions, cholera, vomiting or Dehydration
  • Urinray Bladder gets bloated due to suppressed urine resulting into pain and swelling.
  • Kidney stone formation or Cancer ,Tuberculosis of Kidney

Please note that when Urine is clean, transparent, white with yellowish stinge, without burning sensation, regularized discharged, no feeling of residual, no blood, pus or other infection and no straining and pressure feeling while urinating indicates proper urination.

Whereas, Urine with pain, urine chocolate color or black or dark brown, bad smell, frequent urgency or hesitancy, thick and turbid indicates some kind of infection. Improper functioning of Kidney may result into large amount of sugar may come in blood or urine.